Introducing the book Methodology of Mulla Sadra’s Philosophy
Philosophical Eclecticism or Principality of Knowledge 02.01.2010
How can one explain Mulla Sadra’s borrowing from previous philosophical thoughts? Has he presented an incoherent mixture of philosophical ideas by combining a selection of the philosophical ideas of his predecessors, or has he developed a principial philosophical school through creativity and innovativeness rather than benefiting from the philosophical legacy of the Islamic era?
Methodology of Mulla Sadra’s Philosophy, written by
Dr. Ahad Faramarz Gharamaleki, is intended to provide an
answers to the most controversial and disputed Sadrian
problem posed by his long-standing critics, such as
Mulla Rajabali Tabrizi and his students, Abulhassan
Jilwah and his followers, and Zia al-Din Dari, and
discuss the issue of the principiality of the
philosophical thought presented in “the Transcendent
professor of Tehran University believes that Mulla Sadra
not only claims the principiality and innovativeness of
his philosophy, but also, by calling it “the
Transcendent Philosophy”, emphasizes its epistemological
individuation. Therefore, the writer points out that in
order to enter the discussion of the epistemological
nature of Mulla Sadra’s philosophical system, it is
necessary to study and explore his method of
philosophical research accurately.
this book, the writer maintains that one of his purposes
is to probe in to the methods, approaches, and research
models and instruments used by Mulla Sadra in
philosophical studies. Therefore, the analysis of the
epistemological nature of Sadrian philosophy and its
methodology will remove many of the ambiguities involved
in understanding Mulla Sadra’s ideas and system of
knowledge. An awareness of these issues will indeed
reveal the depth of his thoughts to us.
read in the Introduction to the book that the
publication of Methodology of Mulla Sadra’s
Philosophy became possible in the light of the
encouragement given by the Sadra Islamic Philosophy
Institute. The author developed the idea that Mulla
Sadra’s methodology has priority to his logic. The
importance of this issue and the theory of “willer” are
the two main reasons why the writer studies the
methodology of the Transcendent Philosophy in a more
general form than his research method in logic.
this work, it is emphasized that Mulla Sadra must be
considered the pioneer in interdisciplinary studies.
Four centuries before American researchers turn to such
studies, he understood their necessity and significance
and employed specific interdisciplinary designs in
analyzing theological problems.
theory of the willer or the same interdisciplinary
research, which must not be mistaken with
multi-disciplinary research, was introduced in the
second half of the 20th century in the West. During the
last three decades, this kind of study has been
well-received by researchers working in various
scientific fields, and different research designs have
been suggested for rendering it more effective.
Sadra’s innovativeness and pioneer role in
interdisciplinary studies in analyzing theological
problems were briefly discussed for the first time in
1998 in an article entitled “Interdisciplinary
Approach and the Epistemological Ipseity of Sadrian
Philosophy”. This theory was greatly expanded in a
documented from in the International Conference on
Sadrian philosophy” and the book “Methodology of
Religious Studies” (2001, 2006) and attracted the
attention of many thinkers.
holding international conferences and encouraging
Iranian and foreign scholars to participate in them, the
Sadra Islamic Philosophy Institute has begun to analyze
Mulla Sadra’s philosophy and method and the related
challenges. The Institute is indeed the forerunner of a
series of deliberations over the method, nature, and new
face of Islamic civilization. It intends to nullify the
unjustified assumption that Islamic philosophy ended
with Ibn Rushd and show the dynamism of Islamic
philosophy since the time of Mulla Sadra.
Publication Center of the Sadra Islamic Philosophy
Institute has published this book in summer 2009 in 2000
copies. The present book consists of 12 chapters
organized in two parts. The first chapter entails the
Introduction, the statement of the problem, and two
interpretations of the problem. Chapters 2-8 of the
first part are devoted to a report and criticism of the
major views concerning the responses to the two problems
of the methodology and epistemological nature of Mulla
Sadra’s philosophy. The second part explains the theory
of the "willer", and the last four chapters, after a
review of this great philosopher's works, propound the
claims of the writer in this regard.
first edition of this work has been published in 304
pages at a price of 4800 tomans. All rights of this work
belong to the Sadra Islamic Philosophy Institute.
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