Foundations and Basic Principles of Mulla Sadra’s Philosophy
All philosophical systems, in addition to the
minor and major problems which they treat, are based on a series of principles or pillars. Mulla
Sadra’s school of thought is not an exception in this regard. In a treatise
he recounts his philosophical achievements as amounting to 170. Nevertheless,
the most important principles and bases of his school are usually considered to
consist of the following: the principles of the principiality of existence (rather
than quiddity); of gradation of existence in infinity; of
motion in the substance of things; of the immateriality of
imagination; of the Simple Truth is everything (and is none of them); of the corporeal origination of the soul from the body; theory of the
origination of the world; and the relation between knowledge and existence.
In what follows, we will briefly discuss each of
the above principles and theories separately.
Shawahid al-rububiyyah is a short treatise which is different
from al-Shawahid al-rububiyyah. Please refer to the list of Mulla